02 September 2015

Hohenheim Castle

Previously on the premises were the manor house of the Lords of Hohenheim to their gender as well as the Paracelsus became known Humanist belonged Theophrastus von Hohenheim bombast. In 1100 Hohenheim was first mentioned in documents as Hohenach than Egilolf of Hohenach the Kloster Hirsau donated land. Over the centuries, the estate had several times changed hands before it fell in 1768 to Duke Carl Eugen of Württemberg. From 1772 tDuke CArl Eugen first converted the Estate  into a small moated castle, which was in 1776 proclaimed the summer residence. In the same year began the plans for a "Full English village" which finally 60 miniaturized building in rococo style included. Until today received them remained in the range of Landesarboretums - Exotic Garden - the so-called Roman tavern, the pillars of thundering Jupiter and the play house (now a museum on the history of University of Hohenheim). The also to the  "village" belonging neogothic chapel was added in the early 19th century on a lake island of Ludwigsburg Palace Monrepos where it was in 1944 heavily damaged by an incendiary bomb; on the island closed to the public, are the ruins today.In  1778 the Duke plantied in Hohenheim rare exotics, which can still be seen today partly in the  exotic garden. Since 1782, Carl Eugen build an extensive residential palace on the site, which was never completed. The death of Duke Carl Eugen in 1793  ended the construction work.
Only  20 years later the castle regained a greater significance: The Württemberg King Wilhelm I and his wife Katharina founded the Agricultural Educational test and model institution, which was housed in a separate building on the Estate . The Paracelsus School was housed in the east wing much later.
During World War II single wing of the castle were destroyed, but (at least outwardly) were rebuilt later. In the 1970s, the castle has been modernized and the rococo stucco removed. Only in the 1990s, this stucco has been reconstructed and adorns today
the lock again. Today big parts of the Castle are used by the University of Hohenheim. Therfore the inside of it it can not be visted . 

In the Castle Park there is a memorial for Queen Katharina of Württemberg, née Grand Duchess of Russia, the second wife of King Wilhelm I. 

In the Botanic Garden there is another memorial for Duke Carl Eugen of Württemberg and his second wife Franziska, née Baroness of Leutrum, who was created imperial Countess of Hohenheim by Emperor Joseph II. Only in 1790 she was recognized as Duchess of Württemberg. 

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